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Dependency Inversion Principle in SOLID

Dependency Inversion Principle in SOLID


6 Articles


In this article, let's learn about Dependency Inversion Principle in SOLID Principles in .NET.

Note: If you have not done so already, I recommend you read the article on Interface Segregation Principle in SOLID.

Table of Contents

  1. Introduction
  2. When to apply DIP?
  3. Demo
  4. Advantages
  5. Summary


The Dependency Inversion Principle (DIP) promotes loose coupling and flexibility in software design.

In traditional software design, high-level modules often depend on low-level modules, leading to tight coupling and code fragility. Changes in low-level modules can have a cascading effect on higher-level modules, making the system difficult to maintain and modify. The Dependency Inversion Principle addresses these issues by inverting the dependencies, allowing for greater flexibility and extensibility.

The Dependency Inversion Principle consists of two main ideas:

  1. High-level modules should not depend on low-level modules. Both should depend on abstractions.
  2. Abstractions should not depend on details. Details should depend on abstractions.

By following these principles, we can decouple modules and introduce abstraction layers, which reduce dependencies and improve code maintainability.

When to apply DIP?

Dependency Inversion is particularly useful in scenarios where there is a need for flexibility and the ability to switch implementations without modifying the high-level modules. It is beneficial in cases where different implementations of a specific functionality or service need to be supported, such as working with different databases, external APIs, or third-party libraries.


Let's consider a scenario where an application generates sales reports using a database. Initially, the code is tightly coupled to a specific database type SQL Server.

Code Sample - DIP - Dependency Inversion Principle - Before

However, we want to make the application adaptable to support different database types, such as Cassandra.

Code Sample - DIP - Dependency Inversion Principle - After

In the above code, we introduce the IDatabase interface, which defines the common database operations. Both the SqlServerDatabase and CassandraDatabase classes implement this interface, representing different database types. The SalesReport class no longer depends on the concrete database implementations but instead relies on the abstraction provided by the IDatabase interface.


The Dependency Inversion Principle has several advantages, including:

  • Loose coupling: The Dependency Inversion Principle promotes loose coupling between modules, making the codebase more maintainable and extensible.
  • Easy to switch implementations: By depending on abstractions rather than concrete implementations, it becomes easier to switch between different implementations of a service or functionality without modifying the high-level modules.
  • Testability: Dependency Inversion facilitates easier unit testing by allowing the injection of mock or fake implementations during testing.


The Dependency Inversion Principle is a crucial aspect of SOLID design principles. By inverting dependencies, it promotes loose coupling and flexibility in software systems. In this article, we explored the concept of Dependency Inversion, its benefits, and provided C# code examples to demonstrate its implementation. By adhering to this principle, developers can create more maintainable, extensible, and testable codebases.

  • Solid
  • DIP
  • Dependency Inversion