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Structural Design Pattern - Facade

Structural Design Pattern - Facade

design pattern

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In this article, let's learn about Facade Design Pattern in .NET.

Table of Contents

  1. Introduction
  2. Structure
  3. Use Cases
  4. Advantages
  5. Disadvantages
  6. Related Patterns
  7. Summary

Introduction

The Facade pattern, a stalwart from the Gang of Four design patterns, serves as a unified interface to a subsystem, simplifying its usage. Imagine a world where operating an entertainment system involves intricate steps—enter the Facade pattern. In this blog, we'll explore its real-life application through a entertainment service, delve into its structure, uncover its use cases, weigh its advantages and disadvantages, touch upon related patterns, and conclude with a concise summary.

Structure

The Facade pattern, encapsulated in a facade (like our "entertainment facade"), orchestrates subsystem classes DvdPlayer, Sound System, and Projector service. The facade shields clients from the complexities, acting as a gateway to the subsystem, promoting an organized and manageable structure.

Code Sample - Code Sample - Facade Pattern

In the above code snippet, Subsystem Classes DvdPlayer, SoundSystem, and Projector represent individual components of the home entertainment system. Facade Class EntertainmentFacade class acts as a facade, providing simplified methods TurnOnEntertainmentSystem and TurnOffEntertainmentSystem. These methods internally manage the individual components, abstracting away their complexities. Client Code Program creates an instance of EntertainmentFacade and uses its methods to turn on and off the entire entertainment system. The client is shielded from the details of interacting with each subsystem separately. This example demonstrates how the Facade pattern can simplify the usage of a complex system, making it easy for clients to perform common tasks without dealing with the intricacies of individual components.

Demo - Facade Pattern Demo

Let's try Facade Demo, Click on the Use Entertainment System via Facade Button to see the demo on the screen. Click the button starts the Entertainment system and streams the movie and shuts down the system after the movie is over. For demo purpose the Result is shown in the screen.

Code Sample - Facade Pattern Demo

Result from Using Facade :

Use Cases

  • Simplifying Complexity - When dealing with intricate subsystems, the Facade pattern offers a clean, high-level interface, shielding clients from the nitty-gritty details.
  • Decoupling Dependencies - In scenarios with numerous dependencies between clients and implementation classes, introducing a facade breaks the tight coupling, fostering a more flexible design.
  • Integration with Legacy Systems - Facades prove invaluable when bridging new and legacy systems, abstracting away the intricacies of dealing with legacy code.
  • Content Management Systems - Streamlining operations in systems handling diverse content types, such as articles, images, and videos.
  • Multimedia Playback - Abstracting the complexities of supporting various media formats and providing a unified playback control interface.
  • Payment Processing in E-commerce - Facilitating a unified interface for processing payments, irrespective of the underlying payment gateways.

Advantages

  • Reduced Client Complexity - Clients interact with a simplified facade, oblivious to the intricate workings of the subsystem.
  • Weak Coupling - Facades promote loose coupling between clients and subsystems, allowing subsystem components to evolve independently.
  • Open-Closed Principle - Clients can easily adapt to changes in subsystem components without modification, adhering to the open-closed principle.

Disadvantages

Potential Overhead - Introducing facades might add a layer, potentially introducing overhead, especially in simpler systems.

  • Abstract Factory pattern
  • Mediator pattern
  • Adapter pattern

Summary

In essence, the Facade pattern simplifies the usage of complex subsystems, providing a clean and unified interface. It excels in scenarios where reducing client complexity, decoupling dependencies, and integrating with legacy systems are paramount. As we wrap up this exploration, keep in mind that the Facade pattern, while powerful, finds its strength in its judicious application alongside other complementary design patterns.

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  • Design Pattern
  • Structural
  • Facade